Home Page
About
Chemogenesis Web Book
Chemical Thesaurus
Tutorials and Drills
Shop
Reviews
Contact
Frequently Asked Questions

pre 1900 formulations
1900 to 1949 formulations
1950 to 1999 formulations
2000 to 2009 formulations
Spiral formulations
3 dimensional formulations
Data mapping periodic tables
Miscellaneous periodic tables
Books and reviews
non-chemistry periodic tables
All periodic tables

2019 has been designated the International Year of the Periodic Table as it is the 150th Anniversary of the formulation of Mendeleev's Tabelle I

Internet Database of Periodic Tables


There are thousands of periodic tables in web space, but this is the only comprehensive database of periodic tables & periodic system formulations. If you know of an interesting periodic table that is missing, please contact the database curator: Dr Mark R Leach.

Use the buttons below to select from the 1000+ Periodic Tables in the database:

pre 1900 formulations 1900 to 1949 formulations 1950 to 1999 formulations 2000 to 2009 formulations Spiral formulations 3 dimensional formulations
Data mapping periodic tables Miscellaneous periodic tables Books and reviews non-chemistry periodic tables All periodic tables

Or, select:     Search by Year:      Text search:





1864

Newlands' Octaves

One of the first attempts at a periodic table that arranged the known elements by atomic weight and chemical property, was by John Newlands and is known as "Newlands Octaves".

Newland noticed that if he broke up his list of elements into groups of seven – starting a new row with the eighth element – the first element in each of those groups had similar chemistry.

Note: In the tables below, Newlands Octaves go downwards: H to O, F to S, Cl to Fe, etc.

Kabbalistic

H 1
F 8
Cl 15
Co & Ni 22
Br 29
Pd 36
I 42
Pt & Ir 50
Li 2
Na 9
K 16
Cu 23
Rb 30
Ag 37
Cs 44
Os 51
G 3
Mg 10
Ca 17
Zn 24
Sr 31
Cd 38
Ba & V 45
Hg 52
Bo 4
Al 11
Cr 19
Y 25
Ce & La 33
U 40
Ta 46
Tl 53
C 5
Si 12
Ti 18
In 26
Zr 32
Sn 39
W 47
Pb 54
N 6
P 13
Mn 20
As 27
Di & Mo 34
Sb 41
Nb 48
Bi 55
O 7
S 14
Fe 21
Se 28
Ro & Ru 35
Te 43
Au 49
Th 56
  • Seeing the word octave applied to this table may lead one to think that Newlands recognised periods of eight elements with repeating properties, as we do with the modern periodic table, for example: Li Be B C N O F Ne.
  • However, each sequence of Newlands' octaves contain only seven elements. Count the elements in the columns! In Newlands' day the group 8 (18) rare gas elements, He, Ne, Ar, Kr & Xe, had not yet been discovered.
  • To Newlands, H to F & F to Cl are octaves of eight elements, the eighth element repeating the properties of the first.

    There are seven notes in a musical octave: A B C D E F G, after which you start again with A'; similarly for Newlands, seven elements H Li G Bo C N O, then the 8th is F and you start again. [Note that Newlands treated H as a halogen.]
    More here.

          A   B   C   D   E   F   G   A

Philip Stewart's musical representation:

  • To Newlands, H to F is an octave of eight elements.
  • Today we say Li to Ne & Na to Ar are periods of eight elements, and that that Li and Na are in different periods. Indeed, the Li to Na series consists of nine elements.
  • In Newlands' day the group 8 (18) rare gas elements, He, Ne, Ar, Kr & Xe, had not been discovered.

Read more about Newland's Octaves, including a commentary on the original papers in Carmen Giunta's Elements and Atoms: Case Studies in the Development of Chemistry.

Top of Page


pre 1900 formulations 1900 to 1949 formulations 1950 to 1999 formulations 2000 to 2009 formulations Spiral formulations 3 dimensional formulations
Data mapping periodic tables Miscellaneous periodic tables Books and reviews non-chemistry periodic tables All periodic tables


Periodic Table, What is it showing?
Binary Compounds

© Mark R. Leach 1999-


Queries, Suggestions, Bugs, Errors, Typos...

If you have any:

Queries
Comments
Suggestions or periodic table representations not shown on this page
Suggestions for links
Bug, typo or grammatical error reports about this page,

please contact Mark R. Leach, the author, using mark@meta-synthesis.com

This free, open access web book is an ongoing project and your input is appreciated.