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The INTERNET Database of Periodic Tables

There are thousands of periodic tables in web space, but this is the only comprehensive database of periodic tables & periodic system formulations. If you know of an interesting periodic table that is missing, please contact the database curator: Mark R. Leach Ph.D.

Use the drop menus below to search & select from the more than 1100 Period Tables in the database:

  Text Search:       

Periodic Tables from the year 1964:

1964   Benfey's Spiral Periodic Table or Periodic Snail
1964   Eichinger's Periodic Table
1964   Ruben's Periodic Table
1964   Lee's Quantum Number Periodic Table
1964   Haward's Periodic Table


Benfey's Spiral Periodic Table or Periodic Snail

Spiral Periodic Table by Otto Theodor Benfey:

From Wikipedia:

"One of the Benfey's publications in Chemistry was a model of an extended periodic table, sometimes referred to as the periodic snail. First published in 1964, it explicitly showed the location of lanthanides and actinides. The elements form a two-dimensional spiral, starting from hydrogen, and folding their way around two peninsulars, the transition metals, and lanthanides and actinides. A superactinide island is already slotted in."

Read more here in an article by OTB: Bull. Hist. Chem., VOLUME 34, Number 2 (2009)

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Eichinger Periodic Table

A 1964 photograph of Dr Jack Eichinger of Florida State Univ with his Periodic Table:

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Samuel Ruben Periodic Table

An interesting periodic table from 1964, found at an estate sale. The text says that the elements are: "arranged according to the atomic number Z and column relation to the rare gases", and is by Samuel Ruben (wikipedia).

Click here to see the full size version.

Samuel Ruben Periodic Table

Samuel Ruben Spiral

Thanks to Rachel Helling for the tip!

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Lee's Quantum Number Periodic Table

In his book Concise Inorganic Chemistry (pp. 22, 5th Ed, Blackwell Science, 1996), J.D. Lee gives a representation of "Quantum numbers, the permissible number of electrons & the shape of the periodic table".

Note: JD Lee taught Inorganic Chemistry to the curator of this database of periodic tables while at university:

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Haward's Periodic Table

Roger Hayward created this periodic table for the book: Pauling & Hayward, p4, The Architecture of Molecules, W H Freeman and Company, San Francisco (1964).

From The Pauling Blog:

"By the end of the 1950s, Roger Hayward had retired from his professional work as an architect at the same time that his career as an illustrator was reaching its peak. Hayward signed a contract in the early 1960s that helped to solidify his position as a technical artist. The contract that Hayward signed was with W.H. Freeman & Company, a San Francisco-based publishing house that rose out of relative obscurity primarily by publishing Linus Pauling's hugely popular textbook, General Chemistry."

Thanks to René for the tip!

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What is the Periodic Table Showing? Periodicity

© Mark R. Leach Ph.D. 1999 –

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